ورقة بحثية
Progress toward Elimination of Hepatitis B Virus Transmission in Oman: Impact of Hepatitis B Vaccination

Salah Thabit Al Awaidy


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Progress toward Elimination of Hepatitis B Virus Transmission in Oman: Impact of Hepatitis B Vaccination

Al Awaidy, Salah Thabit

Approximately 2–7% of the Omani population has chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. To decrease this burden, universal childhood hepatitis B vaccination was introduced in Oman in 1990. The hepatitis B vaccination strategy and reported coverage were reviewed. To assess the impact of the program on chronic HBV seroprevalence, a nationally representative seroprevalence study was conducted in Oman in 2005. Since 1991, hepatitis B vaccination in Oman has reached almost every eligible child, with reported coverage of ³ 97% for the birth dose and ³ 94% for three doses. Of 175 children born pre-vaccine introduction, 16 (9.1%) had evidence of HBV exposure, and 4 (2.3%) had evidence of chronic infection. Of 1,890 children born after vaccine introduction, 43 (2.3%) had evidence of HBV exposure, and 10 (0.5%) had evidence of chronic infection. Oman has a strong infant hepatitis B vaccination program, resulting in a dramatic decrease in chronic HBV seroprevalence.

Approximately 2–7% of the Omani population has chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. To decrease this burden, universal childhood hepatitis B vaccination was introduced in Oman in 1990. The hepatitis B vaccination strategy and reported coverage were reviewed. To assess the impact of the progr...

المؤلف : Salah Thabit Al Awaidy

مؤلف مشارك : Bawikar, Shyam Pandurang
Al Busaidy, Suleiman Salim

بيانات النشر : Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg، 2013مـ.

التصنيف الموضوعي : العلوم التطبيقية|العلوم الطبية .

المواضيع : Elimination of Hepatitis .

Virus Transmission .

المصدر : National Library of medicine : .

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